"An unrivalled breadth of
experience in the country"
Chambers Global, 2017

Overview of our services

Confluent has advised on many of the most sophisticated projects and transactions in Iraq, often the first of their kind.

Our clients operate across all of Iraq in nearly every sector.

Corporate and Commercial
We offer services in relation to all aspects of commercial and corporate law matters including:

  • Corporate incorporation and registrations
  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Corporate restructuring
  • Investment structuring
  • Corporate compliance
  • Contracting advice
  • Contract enforcement issues
Government Regulation
We offer services in relation to all aspects of commercial and corporate law matters including:

  • Corporate incorporation and registrations
  • Mergers and acquisitions
  • Corporate restructuring
  • Investment structuring
  • Corporate compliance
  • Contracting advice
  • Contract enforcement issues
Financing
Confluent has particular and recognised expertise in finance structuring. Confluent’s involvement in a significant number of financing transactions in recent years has given us an excellent understanding of the issues faced in relation to financing and project structures.We regularly advise on the following issues relating to financings for projects in Iraq:

  • Capital markets bond financing
  • Negotiation and drafting of project and finance agreements
  • Structuring projects
  • “Bankability” of project documents
  • Types of security available to lenders and procedures for taking, perfecting and enforcing security interests
  • Onshore quasi-security
  • Government guarantees
  • Lender step-in rights and direct agreements
  • Syndication and the transfer of loan interests
  • Involvement of multilateral lenders, insurers and export credit agencies
Oil and Gas
Confluent has particular expertise in the petroleum sector. We regularly advise on:

  • The general legal framework for petroleum projects
  • Drafting, negotiation and interpretation of agreements across upstream, midstream and downstream projects
  • Acquisitions, disposals and transfers of interests in petroleum projects
  • Compliance regulations relevant to the operation of petroleum projects, including environmental, health and safety, procurement, employment, land rights, customs and import, corporate governance and taxation
  • Financing petroleum projects
Projects and Infrastructure
Confluent has considerable expertise in relation to capital investment projects in Iraq.
We regularly advise on:

  • Capital markets bond financing
  • Negotiation and drafting of project and finance agreements
  • Structuring projects
  • “Bankability” of project documents
  • Types of security available to lenders and procedures for taking, perfecting and enforcing security interests
  • Onshore quasi-security
  • Government guarantees
  • Lender step-in rights and direct agreements
  • Syndication and the transfer of loan interests
  • Involvement of multilateral lenders, insurers and export credit agencies
Tax and Customs
We offer analysis of tax laws and customs issues. This includes advice regarding:

  • Recent changes in tax laws and customs requirements
  • Rules governing the importation of goods
  • Regulatory environment for agency and distribution arrangements
Employment
Confluent has considerable expertise in relation to employee and social security matters.
This includes advice regarding:

  • The legal and regulatory frameworks for employment and social security
  • Practical approaches to resolving labour issues
  • Detailed forms and guidance on minimizing liability costs and maintaining necessary compliance
Dispute Resolution
We offer support for dispute resolution on a case by case basis. We have expertise and can
advise on potential and ongoing disputes to help increase the chances of a positive outcome
for our clients.

We take special care to guard the interests of our clients and offer practical advice to reduce
risks and costs.

Recent major matters have included advising on corporate and regulatory matters across various economic sectors,
investment structuring, project development and financing in the power, oil and gas, transport, water, construction and
other sectors, banking and financial regulation and dispute resolution.

We are proud to assist on leading matters and transactions in Iraq for international and domestic clients.

If you would like to receive further information on our services, please do not hesitate to contact us.

Contact Us

For further information, please contact us: